Social science 7

What is a key shortfall in applying the theory of equilibrium island biogeography to biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes?

Fragmented landscapes are not islands.

Habitat patches are not isolated enough in fragmented landscapes.

There are too many barriers to species movements in fragmented landscapes.

Equilibrium island biogeography focuses on species richness on islands but not ecological processes.

10 points

QUESTION 2

This technological tool used by ecologists can be employed to determine deforestation rates across the world.

Global positioning system

Geographic information system

Remote sensing

Mapquest

10 points

QUESTION 3

The Curtis Prairie at the University of Wisconsin was an early successful restoration project for tallgrass prairie. Which of the following restoration treatments was not employed at Curtis Prairie?

Removal of undesirable herbaceous and woody plants

Prescribed fire

Planting and seedling of native species

Grazing by American bison

10 points

QUESTION 4

Forest thinning is done in a conservation area to provide open habitat for a particular plant species. The timber is sold to the highest bidder. What type of ecological service would this action be?

Provisioning services

Regulation services

Cultural services

Habitat services

10 points

QUESTION 5

Which of the following practices would not be used to restore longleaf pine savanna in the American South?

Prescribed fire

Controlled grazing by cattle

Planting line seedlings in low densities at the restoration site

Thinning the forest canopy to create open conditions

10 points

QUESTION 6

Match the term to the description.

–A.B.C.D.E.F.
Longleaf pine

–A.B.C.D.E.F.
Tallgrass prairie

–A.B.C.D.E.F.
Ovenbird

–A.B.C.D.E.F.
Catbird

–A.B.C.D.E.F.
Cougar

A.
A forest interior species rare in fragmented landscapes.

B.
An edge species common in fragmented landscapes.

C.
A species best preserved at the landscape scale.

D.
Once covered over 120 million acres from Texas to Canada.

E.
Needs prescribed fire for restoration.

F.
Occurs in local peat moss-dominated forested wetlands

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