Superior Essay Writers | Making hard and soft soap by means of saponification

This internship project consists of making hard and soft soap by means of saponification; chemical reaction between an acid and a base to form a salt. Saponification is a process by which triglycerides react with sodium or potassium hydroxide (lye) to produce glycerol and a fatty acid salt, called “soap.” The triglycerides come from animal fats or vegetable oils, depending on how the soap is made. When sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is used, a hard soap is produced, while using potassium hydroxide (KOH; lye) results in a soft soap. Saponification is a process in which a fat molecule is broken down by sodium or potassium hydroxide into four smaller molecules; three of the new molecules are soap and one is glycerol.
When making soap, you mix an oil or fat (Acid) with Sodium Hydroxide or Potassium Hydroxide (whichever is your base) to form soap (Salt). The acids in use are olive oil, coconut oil, Shea Butter, Castor Oil, jojoba oil and avocado oil depending on which type of soap is made, with glycerol additionally added to ensure moisturizing properties. Where oils are used in the soap making process, around 5% of the total glycerin content is a natural by-product of saponification. By mixing oils and lye, a chemical reaction is created that forms vegetable glycerin.
During this internship I will also learn how to make glycerin and lye that goes into the soap making process.

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Superior Essay Writers | Making hard and soft soap by means of saponification was first posted on August 12, 2019 at 3:09 am.
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